The Science of Dreaming

 (Note: this material contains excerpts from Dream Language copyright © 2005 by Robert J. Hoss, MS.

(Permission granted for use with reference to and the book and author) 


The sections that follow are based on, or extracted from, some of the latest research findings related to dreams and dreaming. Much of the following information is from the book DREAM LANGUAGE: Self-Understanding through Imagery and Color   by Robert Hoss, MS, with foreword by David Feinstein, PhD.  The book includes additional information, along with examples and explanations, of how understanding this research, along with psychological theories and practices, helps you understand and work with dreams for personal growth and therapeutic applications.  This site may also include research updates that will appear in later editions of the book.  Note that the material contains various conclusions and hypothesis based on the referenced research.  Where a conclusion is not referenced, it is generally that of the author.
You can download this PDF version here, or read the sections online below.

Section 1 - Sleep and Dreaming

1.1  Do We All Dream?

1.2  Sleep Cycles

1.3  Do Dreams Have a Function?

1.4  Are Dreams Meaningful?

1.5  Dream Recall


Section 2 - Dream Content

2.1  The Dream Experience

2.2  Content Analysis

2.3  Nightmares

2.4  Color

2.5  Effect of External Stimulus

2.6  Paranormal or Extraordinary Content

2.7  Dream Content as we Age


Section 3 - The Neurology of Dreaming

3.1  The Dreaming Brain

3.2  Neurological Influence on Dream Content

3.2.1  The Dream Experience

3.2.2  Dream Communications – an Internal  “Language” ?

3.2.3  The Focus of Dreams (Daily events, Self, Anomalies, Conflict)





Robert J. Hoss, M.S.

Dream Masters